Faith And Doubt At Christmastime



A brief personal Christmas reflection on waxing and waning faith

At this time of year, back in England, I would often attend Christmas carol services where it was customary for an excerpt from John Betjeman’s poem “Christmas” to be read aloud from the pulpit. Chances are that if you grew up attending church in Britain in the latter half of the twentieth century, you know it too.

The well-known poem concludes:

And is it true,
This most tremendous tale of all,
Seen in a stained-glass window’s hue,
A Baby in an ox’s stall ?
The Maker of the stars and sea
Become a Child on earth for me ?

And is it true ? For if it is,
No loving fingers tying strings
Around those tissued fripperies,
The sweet and silly Christmas things,
Bath salts and inexpensive scent
And hideous tie so kindly meant,

No love that in a family dwells,
No carolling in frosty air,
Nor all the steeple-shaking bells
Can with this single Truth compare –
That God was man in Palestine
And lives today in Bread and Wine.

The poem is nice enough, and one can certainly understand why it is enthusiastically incorporated into Christmas services across denominational divides (I would often hear it at an Evangelical Congregational church the week before Christmas and again a week later at Midnight Mass).

But at present, my mind keeps returning to another Betjeman poem on the subject of faith, this one entitled “The conversion of St. Paul”. Betjeman was apparently spurred to write it as a response to the (shocking for the time) broadcast on the BBC of a humanist lecture attacking Christianity – given by the “Mrs. Knight” mentioned in Betjeman’s verse.

My personal faith has ebbed and flowed this year. Highlights certainly include attending the Easter Vigil Mass at a church in Siem Reap, Cambodia, and finding a very welcoming home at my new university’s Catholic Student Center. Meeting some good friends there, attending a Catholic Bible study (that rarest of things) and praying the increasingly rare yet beautiful form of Compline (my grandfather would have approved) have all been very happy and spiritually affirming memories.

On the other hand, my disillusionment with the Church hierarchy has grown deeper and deeper, to the point of physical disgust, and an involuntary repellence from the rituals and practices which are often necessary to maintain a healthy spiritual life.

Another explosion of child sexual abuse cases – this time implicating very senior officials across numerous diocese in the coverups after the Church in America supposedly cleaned house after the 2001 scandals – make it increasingly hard to believe that many of those in positions of leadership within the Church are doing anything more than securing power and status for themselves, while placing the stability of the institution over the flock it is supposed to serve. Only recently, the Cardinal Archbishop of my new home diocese, Washington, D.C., was finally forced to resign under a cloud of scandal and suspicion.

The author and blogger Rod Dreher has written frequently and movingly of his disillusionment and eventual detachment from the Roman Catholic Church over the same issues, though Rod as a journalist had far better knowledge of what was going on and the depth of depravity and corruption within the hierarchy. In one piece (I forget which – if I find it I will update this piece with the link) he talked about the way that skepticism about the human institution can easily bleed into skepticism about the doctrine and theology which its leaders proclaim, and so works as a kind of metastasizing cancer throughout the faith. I must confess that I have not found myself entirely immune from this syndrome.

I have not yet taken the plunge of leaving the Church as Rod Dreher did, and have no current plans to do so. But this has been a year of waxing and waning faith, even more than usual for me. And it is this experience which finds resonance in Betjeman’s other poem, which I have reproduced in full below.

The last two paragraphs in particular resonate with me at this time and in this unusual Christmas season, my first spent as an expat, immigrant and permanent resident of the United States. Much like Betjeman, “no blinding light, a fitful glow is all the light of faith I know”; yet even now, we “stumble on and blindly grope, upheld by intermittent hope”.


The Conversion of St. Paul

Now is the time when we recall
The sharp Conversion of St. Paul.
Converted! Turned the wrong way round –
A man who seemed till then quite sound,
Keen on religion – very keen –
No-one, it seems, had ever been
So keen on persecuting those
Who said that Christ was God and chose
To die for this absurd belief
As Christ had died beside the thief.
Then in a sudden blinding light
Paul knew that Christ was God all right –
And very promptly lost his sight.

Poor Paul! They led him by the hand
He who had been so high and grand
A helpless blunderer, fasting, waiting,
Three days inside himself debating
In physical blindness: ‘As it’s true
That Christ is God and died for you,
Remember all the things you did
To keep His gospel message hid.
Remember how you helped them even
To throw the stones that murdered Stephen.
And do you think that you are strong
Enough to own that you were wrong?’

They must have been an awful time,
Those three long days repenting crime
Till Ananias came and Paul
Received his sight, and more than all
His former strength, and was baptized.
Saint Paul is often criticized
By modern people who’re annoyed
At his conversion, saying Freud
Explains it all. But they omit
The really vital point of it,
Which isn’t how it was achieved
But what it was that Paul believed.

He knew as certainly as we
Know you are you and I am me
That Christ was all He claimed to be.
What is conversion? Turning round
From chaos to a love profound.
And chaos too is an abyss
In which the only life is this.
Such a belief is quite all right
If you are sure like Mrs. Knight
And think morality will do
For all the ills we’re subject to.

But raise your eyes and see with Paul
An explanation of it all.
Injustice, cancer’s cruel pain,
All suffering that seems in vain,
The vastness of the universe,
Creatures like centipedes and worse –
All part of an enormous plan
Which mortal eyes can never scan
And out if it came God to man.
Jesus is God and came to show
The world we live in here below
Is just an antechamber where
We for His Father’s house prepare.

What is conversion? Not at all
For me the experience of St. Paul,
No blinding light, a fitful glow
Is all the light of faith I know
Which sometimes goes completely out
And leaves me plunging round in doubt
Until I will myself to go
And worship in God’s house below –
My parish Church – and even there
I find distractions everywhere.

What is Conversion? Turning round
To gaze upon a love profound.
For some of us see Jesus plain
And never once look back again,
And some of us have seen and known
And turned and gone away alone,
But most of us turn slow to see
The figure hanging on a tree
And stumble on and blindly grope
Upheld by intermittent hope.
God grant before we die we all
May see the light as did St. Paul.

– John Betjeman.


Additional: If you are a regular reader, derive value and enjoyment from my writing and have not yet contributed to my Christmas fundraising drive (particularly important now that I am an impoverished student once again!), please consider doing so here.


John Betjeman statue

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3 thoughts on “Faith And Doubt At Christmastime

  1. Derek December 28, 2018 / 10:07 AM

    Remember this post?:

    I might be a hypocrite to call myself a Christian. I do not go to Church, regularly or otherwise, though I visit a few for the solid structures that most are (those of simple brick or less I have no interest in). But the peace I find within the older stone buildings comes less from any belief system for which they were built, but more for the solidity and quality of carpentry and the stonemasons art. Of faith and religion in general, I have sympathies with Christianity far more than the alternatives, and though Hinduism is interesting all are but ‘clubs’ which people join for fear of being seen as non-believers, or even of physical maiming or death itself. And clubs have a bad habit of creating segregated communities be they religious, sporting, or even social.

    Having said that, I am by habit created in childhood, one who does enjoy Church bells; singing of carols and Hymns, and the general frippery of Christmas – up to a point. If asked “what would you like for Christmas?” I always answer “Nothing”. I am happy to give something – something inexpensive and needed by the receiver, but the mass shopping sprees that accompany the lead up to Christmas; the gorging of too much food for the sake of tradition – leave me cold. My gift, if it were such for me to give, would be peace and good health. That, I always raise a glass to.

    The hierarchy of the ‘Church’ is but another club whose intricacies are often little better than masonic lodges with their secrecy, and inevitably – corruption. The dressing up; the robes; the incense – no thank you. Of that I will have no truck. I feel neither need nor desire to attend Church as the many do. If there is any kind of God, he, she, or it, is within the heart and soul of every conscious living person. It is up to each of us how we let those feelings or ‘beliefs’ be expressed and/or shared with others, and I for one feel no need or belief to attend any Church building or ceremony to express them. Religion has always been a method of control. I will not be controlled to that extent. Instead, I am happy to share what little I have with any in need of same.

    Peace, and good health.


  2. Dogman December 27, 2018 / 8:47 AM

    Merry Christmas, and a very interesting blog indeed. I am strongly of the economic left, but equally very eurosceptic and voted Leave – as did the majority of mates and workmates (most who are Labour voters no less) – skilled manual work which might have something to do with it. I’ve been somewhat lucky as those I do know who voted Remain have been largely willing to agree to disagree, bar one idiot who claimed that all Leavers had mental health issues, needless to say we do not speak.

    Since the referendum, my support for Leave has hardened, partially due to the attitudes of so many people denigrating leavers as all racists or thick, which is simply ridiculous. Leaving the EU in many ways is not a whole lot different from the US ceding from NAFTA. NAFTA has not been good for the US working class in the form of job offshoring, nor for national sovereignty – chapter 11 ISDS, which Robert Lighthizer appears to recognise is a big issue. Indeed it appears to me that a considerable part of the Trump win was a reaction to NAFTA – and Sanders shared similar views on this – (not to mention Corbyn and Burnham’s opposition to the TTIP during the 2015 leadership elections, and the Greens and UKIP opposing it in 2014). NAFTA, much like the EU is a political construct and the US does not stop being “North American”, any more than Britain stops being “European”. For the record I do agree with a certain amount of international co-operation on key issues, but the EU is clearly not the way forward.

    I’m rambling on now, but keep up the good work.


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